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Troyan ↓
Location

Troyan municipality is located in the major northern economic region of the Republic of Bulgaria. The town of Troyan is the center of the municipality. It is situated on the abundantly terraced banks of Beli Osam river, at the northern foot of Troyan-Kalofer part of Stara Planina mountain, not far from Troyan pass, at an altitude of 400 meters. That geographical location provides conditions for good transport connections.
The town has a convenient road connection with Southern Bulgaria through Troyan pass. The distance to Sofia is 160 km and to Varna - 300 km. Troyan is final railway junction. The nearest civil airports are Gorna Oryahovitsa (105 km) and Sofia. The nearest river port is Svishtov (110 km) and the nearest sea port - Burgas (245 km).
Neighbouring municipalities are: Lovech, Sevlievo, Apriltsi, Karlovo, Teteven and Ugarchin.
The municipality consists of 38 residential places with a territory of 888 850 square meters.

History

Troyan is a 130 year old town but the traces of the settlement run far back in history. The most ancient people that inhabited the Northern flanks of the Central Balkan and the Fore-Balkan region lived in the caves of the Vasilyovska Mountain.

Archaeological excavations prove that the region has already been populated at the end of late Paleolithic age (40 000 - 10 000 B.C.).

In 15 B.C. the territory of present Northern Bulgaria enters the boundaries of the Roman province Miziya. From the name of the old Roman road Via Trayana that crosses the mountain, the name TROYAN has come - the present TOWN OF MASTERS IN THE MAGIC MOUNTAIN.

During the first half of XIX century crafts flourish - homespun tailoring, forge crafts, wood turnery, fur-dressing and jewelry crafts and most of all pottery-making which establishes itself as a leading, still vital pottery school.

In 1911 the first electric light is switched on - Troyan is the third town in Bulgaria (after Sofia and Plovdiv) that is already electrified before the First world war. Due to its flourishing craftsmanship (pottery-making, cap-making, carpentry) and its developing industry Troyan, together with the villages in the district, establishes itself as a major supplier of these products for the markets all over the country. And its exemplary fruit-growing makes its name famous - it is called the town of the plums and the magic brandy.

In the eighties the town of Troyan is already recognized as an industrial center of the country having won solid positions on the foreign markets in the sphere of the production of electric motors and electromotive devices, machine-tools, woolen textile, pharmaceuticals, waterproof plywood and phazer, furniture, table and souvenir pottery.

Troyan municipality disposes with splendid conditions for the development of the tourism and its turning into a priority sector of our economics. Its natural gifts and people's adjustment to look for the region, although for a short time tourism are two fundaments, on which the sector has to develop. Five are the factors, which influence directly the development of tourism:

  • - attractiveness of the territory - places of interest, climate, environment conditions

  • - condition of the engineering infrastructure

  • - condition of the accommodation base

  • - level of complex services to the tourist

  • - possibilities for medical treatment, sport and entertainment

The territory of the municipality is in a good ecological condition in its basic part and with variety of the landscape, the flora and the fauna it provokes the interest of the Bulgarian and the foreign tourists. The suitable climate makes our territory attractive during all seasons of the year. The problems with the conditions of the environment are connected with the purification of the refuse waters - in Troyan, Oreshak, Cherni Osam, Chiflik, Shipkovo, Beklemeto, Golyama Zhelyazna, and the pollution with domestic scraps in the region of the residential places.

The level of the services provided to the tourists is one of the most important factors which influence the development of the tourism. Initial activities for education and higher qualification have been made with the establishment of a class for hotel-keeping in Secondary Comprehensive School "Vasil Levski"- Troyan, and the organized by the Tourist association forms of education. During this year a training for mountain guides in the school in Cherni Osam is planned. But the necessity shows that it is about time to establish in the municipality a complete system for education, higher qualification and pre-qualification of cadres for the sphere of services.

Of no less importance is the establishment of a possibility for development of tourism, providing suitable conditions for: balneology (Shipkovo and Chiflik); ski-sports (Beklemeto), swimming sports and rowing (Shipkovo, Chiflik, Golyama Zhelyazna), tourist orientation, tourism on foot and on a bike (the high parts of the Balkan), entertainments, connected with artistic crafts and applied arts (Troyan, Oreshak - "National exhibition of artistic crafts and arts - Oreshak" SLTD).

CRAFT'S MUSEUM

The only specialized Museum of national crafts and applied arts in the country is a particular institute for preservation, research and development of the distinctive national folk art.

Craft's museum

The purpose of craft's museum is not only to collect, preserve and restore the splendid collection of ceramic and metals, national folk clothes and costumes, artistic wood decoration, fine and applied art, as well as to find and popularize through its scientific editions the folk art and history of the region. The total number of exponents is 131 326.

The main problem for the development of museum activity is the lack of specialized and well equipped fund stores, which is necessary to be provided in the following 2-3 years.

Craft's museum

Main purpose is by means of the huge variety of exponent thematic exponents in Troyan and other residential places to be provided as well as well through a developed programme the museum to break its traditional frames of a local institute and to be turned into a center of national importance.

NATIONAL EXHIBITION - THE VILLAGE OF ORESHAK

In 2000 Troyan Municipal Council established a commercial society "National exhibition of art crafts and arts - Oreshak" SLtd. Its subject of activity entirely covers the developed by the National exhibition fair activities.

National exhibition of artistic cratts and arts - Oreshak

The aim that we have put with the registration of the commercial association is to turn the exhibition areas (3500 sq. m, in 9 halls) into a universal complex, in which not only the traditional folk crafts to be popularized but also the products of the contemporarily Troyan business. For more efficient use of the in-kind base different exchanges of all types of commercial activities and representations, concerts, etc. may be organized.

The unsatisfactory condition of the in-kind base demands not small investments for reconstruction and maintenance activities of the exhibition halls to be provided by the association and the municipality.

NATURE AND SCIENCE MUSEUM - THE VILLAGE OF CHERNI OSAM

The nature and science museum in the village of Cherni Osam is one the main tourist sites in municipality. Only in 1999 it is visited by about 12000 peoples, 170 of which are foreigners.

The exposition and the furniture have not been changed since its beginning in 1976. The building have to be entirely reconstructed.

The museum have a future as a tourist attraction and as cultural and natural and scientific sight, which will find its place in all ecological programmes in the municipality and the region. The town fine art gallery SEREKOVA HOUSE is in the central part of the town. Works of the group of Troyan artists are exhibited there. It is working during the whole year, Saturday and Sunday are resting days.

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